Day 19—Jesus the Messiah, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham
Read Matthew 1:1–17
This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham:
Abraham was the father of Isaac,
Isaac the father of Jacob,
Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers,
Judah the father of Perez and Zerah,
whose mother was Tamar,
Perez the father of Hezron,
Hezron the father of Ram,
Ram the father of Amminadab,
Amminadab the father of Nahshon,
Nahshon the father of Salmon,
Salmon the father of Boaz,
whose mother was Rahab,
Boaz the father of Obed,
whose mother was Ruth,
Obed the father of Jesse,
and Jesse the father of King David.
David was the father of Solomon,
whose mother had been Uriahʼs wife,
Solomon the father of Rehoboam,
Rehoboam the father of Abijah,
Abijah the father of Asa,
Asa the father of Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat the father of Jehoram,
Jehoram the father of Uzziah,
Uzziah the father of Jotham,
Jotham the father of Ahaz,
Ahaz the father of Hezekiah,
Hezekiah the father of Manasseh,
Manasseh the father of Amon,
Amon the father of Josiah,
and Josiah the father of Jeconiah
and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon.
After the exile to Babylon:
Jeconiah was the father of Shealtiel,
Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel,
Zerubbabel the father of Abihud,
Abihud the father of Eliakim,
Eliakim the father of Azor,
Azor the father of Zadok,
Zadok the father of Akim,
Akim the father of Elihud,
Elihud the father of Eleazar,
Eleazar the father of Matthan,
Matthan the father of Jacob,
and Jacob the father of Joseph,
the husband of Mary,
and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Messiah.
Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the exile to Babylon, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.
If we’re honest, today’s passage is typically one we skip or skim when we read the Gospels. It’s so long and we don’t know who most of the people listed are! But this genealogy that Matthew provides at the outset of his Gospel is critical to understanding the rest of what Matthew writes. In fact, the first line of today’s passage is essential. Now that we have made our way through the key points of the Old Testament (about 400 years pass between the Old and New Testaments, referred to as the intertestamental period), we know how important it was for Matthew—speaking initially to a primarily Jewish audience—to say that Jesus was the Messiah, a son of David, and a son of Abraham. When Matthew’s audience heard these descriptions about Jesus, their ears would have perked up. They had been waiting for a coming messiah. They knew the messiah would be in the line of King David—recall the covenant God made with David that we read about in 2 Samuel 7:1– 16. And they knew that God would use the descendants of Abraham—the Israelites—to bless all the nations. When Matthew called Jesus Messiah, son of David, son of Abraham, he was saying: God has fulfilled His promises! In short, the entire story of the Old Testament leads to one destination: Jesus.
• What names do you recognize on the list now that you have read through the high points of the Old Testament? Who were those people?
• In Matthew’s day, genealogies typically only included men. Notice the four women mentioned in today’s passage other than Mary. What do you know about those women? Why do you think they were included?
• How does having studied God’s promises to Abraham and David (and to the Israelite people) impact the way you read Matthew’s genealogy? How does it impact your understanding of Jesus?
• What does today’s passage reveal to you about God?
God of every generation, thank You for the Scriptures and for the incredible, comprehensive story they tell. Thank You for Jesus. I am grateful for the insight You have given me as I have studied the Old Testament. Continue to open my mind and heart to increasing knowledge and understanding of You and Your purposes in this world. May I be a light in the world today so that through me, someone I encounter might encounter You. Amen.